The pivotal nodes in the world city network are global cities—cities of supreme strategic value in global economy and politics, science and technology, culture, and society. Global Cities: Past, Present and Future explores the evolution of global cities—their formation, rise, development and tendencies. This book summarizes and interprets global tendencies and also puts forward a theoretical framework that will help researchers understand these cities better. It also makes a compelling case for understanding every city in terms of evolutionary dynamics. The first eight chapters of the book discuss the ontology of global city evolution and patterns, forms and trends of development. The last two chapters study the case of Shanghai, which aims to build itself into an important global city by 2050. This case study illustrates the shaping of a new type of global city that demonstrates new characteristics of the globalized space.
Chapter 1: Literature Review
As a dominant aspect of global cities theory, the evolutionary study of global cities answers the questions of what a global city is on the ontological level, what the condition or background is for the selection, what drives a city to develop and how a city evolves with a certain mechanism. As evolutionary research of global cities isn't officially an independent academic sub-field, different theories and insights should be selected and summarized from subject-related publications in global cities studies. More importantly, global cities research itself is in the early stage of development, with ontological concepts of the global cities to be defined and theoretical problems on spatial structure to be addressed. For these reasons, the literature review part covers an extensive ...