Not sure how to start your essay or prepare for a presentation? Worried about how to structure your report? Questioning what a good assignment actually looks like? With encouraging, jargon-free advice and a clearly defined seven-step plan to getting better grades, this book takes the fear out of academic writing and gives you the tools you need to succeed. Punchy and packed with the dos and don’ts of good writing, it helps you improve your grades quickly and with minimal hassle. Covering not just essays, but also group work, reports, reviews, research projects, journaling, and presentations, it provides effective tips on: • Defeating writers’ block • Identifying and using relevant sources • Planning and outlining strategies • Building arguments and providing evidence • Developing critical and analytical thinking • Cultivating writing style • Mastering presentation. Focused on explaining and demonstrating the core requirements of academic assignments through detailed examples, this book provides all the support you need to build confidence and produce high-quality assignments. SAGE Study Skills are essential study guides for students of all levels. From how to write great essays and succeeding at university, to writing your undergraduate dissertation and doing postgraduate research, SAGE Study Skills help you get the best from your time at university. Visit the SAGE Study Skills hub for tips, resources and videos on study success!

Criticality: Critical Thinking

Criticality: Critical Thinking


  • Introduction
  • The Tools of Critical Thinking
  • Going Wrong: Insufficiently Critical and Disorganised
  • Sample Essay: Explain and Discuss the Four Aspects of Brookfield’s Notion of Critical Thinking.
  • How well do these aspects, taken as a conception of critical thinking
  • Negative and Positive Approaches
  • Conclusion
  • Summary of Key Points
  • References


In the previous chapter we looked at being rational, taking this to mean reason giving, rational arguments (reasoning) and producing evidence for one’s claims. It was, essentially, about justification. A good essay does not merely make assertions but justifies these. This is part of the rationality required in HE level work. Another HE requirement is to know how to take a critical approach to the essay question. This is to know how to practise the kind of questioning and the ...

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