Not sure how to start your essay or prepare for a presentation? Worried about how to structure your report? Questioning what a good assignment actually looks like? With encouraging, jargon-free advice and a clearly defined seven-step plan to getting better grades, this book takes the fear out of academic writing and gives you the tools you need to succeed. Punchy and packed with the dos and don’ts of good writing, it helps you improve your grades quickly and with minimal hassle. Covering not just essays, but also group work, reports, reviews, research projects, journaling, and presentations, it provides effective tips on: • Defeating writers’ block • Identifying and using relevant sources • Planning and outlining strategies • Building arguments and providing evidence • Developing critical and analytical thinking • Cultivating writing style • Mastering presentation. Focused on explaining and demonstrating the core requirements of academic assignments through detailed examples, this book provides all the support you need to build confidence and produce high-quality assignments. SAGE Study Skills are essential study guides for students of all levels. From how to write great essays and succeeding at university, to writing your undergraduate dissertation and doing postgraduate research, SAGE Study Skills help you get the best from your time at university. Visit the SAGE Study Skills hub for tips, resources and videos on study success!

Criticality: Rational Reflection Reasons, Arguments and Evidence

Criticality: Rational Reflection Reasons, Arguments and Evidence

Criticality: Rational Reflection: Reasons, Arguments and Evidence


  • Introduction
  • Higher Education
  • Rationality: How to be Rational
  • Give Reasons and Arguments
  • Provide Evidence
  • Sample Essay – Extract from Education for Wolf Conservation
  • Avoid Biased Thinking
  • Negative and Positive Approaches
  • Conclusion
  • Summary of Key Points
  • References


In this chapter we explore what it is to produce rational work and show you how to do this. We explain what it means to be rational and give you the skills to be so; skills of reasoning, argument and the production of sound evidence.

A rational essay gives (good) reasons for its claims, produces rational (reasonable) arguments for its point of view and, where relevant, refers to reputable research providing evidence to back up those claims and point of view. In conjunction with Chapters 4 ...

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