Gender Socialization and the Making of Gender in the Indian Context discusses what gender is, its formation and effects, and how children form gender identities by conforming to social expectations and imitating gender-specific behaviour. As they grow older, they learn to assimilate this behaviour and the norms that they had earlier merely imitated. They also learn the consequences of deviating from these norms.

Role of School

Role of school

Gender socialization is a process through which the children develop gender awareness from early childhood. There are several groups, organizations and institutions that influence the formation and development of gender awareness and orientations of the boys and girls. They are called the agents of gender socialization. Three main categories of socializing agents are identified and they are primary groups, secondary groups and reference groups. In Chapter 4, the importance of family as primary group has been discussed and it is seen that family is of prime importance in the gender socialization process. But other groups are also influential. School, peer group and media can also shape and reshape the gender perception of the members of the society. The particularities ...

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