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Gender Socialization and the Making of Gender in the Indian Context discusses what gender is, its formation and effects, and how children form gender identities by conforming to social expectations and imitating gender-specific behaviour. As they grow older, they learn to assimilate this behaviour and the norms that they had earlier merely imitated. They also learn the consequences of deviating from these norms.

Gender: Meaning, Formation and Effects
Gender: Meaning, formation and effects

It is a general tendency to equate the meaning of gender with the meaning of sex. For a long time in sociology and also in other social sciences, the term ‘gender’ was used to be discussed as an alternative word of ‘sex’. But with the development of feminist sociological discourses and with the growing academic pressure of defining gender inequality from a scientific, sociological as well as psychological viewpoint, it was felt necessary to discuss gender as a separate broad category and the process of bringing out the concept of gender from its overlapped meaning meshed with sex began. Thus, today separate tools and indexes are used to define sex and gender.

At the outset, it ...

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