Gender and Discourse
Publication Year: 1997
The contributors to this collection offer an essential introduction to the ways in which feminist linguistics and critical discourse analysis have contributed to our understanding of gender and sex. By examining how these perspectives have been applied to these concepts, the contributors provide both a review of the literature, as well as an opportunity to follow the most recent debates in this area. Gender and Discourse brings together European, American and Australian traditions of research. Through an analysis of a range of `real' data, the contributors demonstrate the relevance of these theoretical and methodological insights for gender research in particular and social practice in general.
- Front Matter
- Subject Index
- Introduction: Some Important Issues in the Research of Gender and Discourse
- Chapter 1: Theoretical Debates in Feminist Linguistics: Questions of Sex and Gender
- Chapter 2: Gender, Power and Practice: Or, Putting your Money (and your Research) where your Mouth is
- Chapter 3: Gender and Racism in Discourse
- Chapter 4: Gender and Language in the Workplace
- Chapter 5: Ideologies of Public and Private Language in Sociolinguistics
- Chapter 6: Gender, Discourse and Senior Education: Ligatures for Girls, Options for Boys?
- Chapter 7: Difference without Diversity: Semantic Orientation and Ideology in Competing Women's Magazines
- Chapter 8: ‘It's a Game!’: The Construction of Gendered Subjectivity
- Chapter 9: Talking Power: Girls, Gender Enculturation and Discourse
- Chapter 10: Women's Friendships, Women's Talk
- Chapter 11: Story-Telling in New Zealand Women's and Men's Talk
SAGE Studies in Discourse[Page ii]
Consultant editor: TEUN A. VAN DIJK
The study of discourse has become a major development in all disciplines of the humanities and the social sciences. Studies in Discourse will feature introductory books for the key domains and most relevant topics in this exciting new cross-discipline. The series aims to stimulate teaching and research on discourse in linguistics, literature, sociology, anthropology, psychology, communications studies, history, law and other disciplines.
The focus of this series is to examine the structures and functions of text and talk in the multiple contexts of social fields, and the discourse analytical approach to important social issues and societal relationships, such as those of gender, ethnicity, inequality and power.
The books are authored by leading international specialists in their fields and will review the literature, current theoretical ideas, explain methods, and demonstrate these in extensive discourse analyses.
Introduction © Ruth Wodak 1997
Chapter 1 © Deborah Cameron 1997
Chapter 2 © Victoria DeFrancisco 1997
Chapter 3 © Nora Räthzel 1997
Chapter 4 © Shari Kendall and Deborah Tannen 1997
Chapter 5 © Bonnie McElhinny 1997
Chapter 6 © David Corson 1997
Chapter 7 © Suzanne Eggins and Rick Iedema 1997
Chapter 8 © Alyson Simpson 1997
Chapter 9 © Amy Sheldon 1997
Chapter 10 © Jennifer Coates 1997
Chapter 11 © Janet Holmes 1997
First published 1997
A rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, transmitted or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without permission in writing from the Publishers.
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British Library Cataloguing in Publication data
A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library.
ISBN 0 7619 5098 2
ISBN 0 7619 5099 0 (pbk)
Library of Congress catalog card number 97-069196
Typeset by Mayhew Typesetting, Rhayader, Powys
Printed in Great Britain by Redwood Books, Trowbridge, Wiltshire
Notes on Editor and Contributors[Page vii]
RUTH WODAK is Professor of Applied Linguistics in the Department of Applied Linguistics, University of Vienna. Her research interests include text linguistics, language in politics, prejudice and discrimination and gender studies. Current research includes communication in institutions (power and discourse), minority languages and studies in public and private discourse in Austria since 1945 with special focus on manifestations of anti-semitism and racism towards foreigners. Ruth Wodak is on the advisory boards of several journals including, Discourse and Society, Multilingua and Applied Linguistics Journal. She has published extensively in journals and her book publications in English include Language Behavior in Therapy Groups (1986), Language, Power and Ideology (1989), Disorders of Discourse (1996) and Communicating Gender in Context (with Helga Kotthoff, 1997).
DEBORAH CAMERON is Professor of English Language at the University of Strathclyde, Glasgow. She has researched and has published in areas of feminist theory and practice, but is best-known for her work on language and gender. Among other publications she is the author of Feminism and Linguistic Theory (1992) and Verbal Hygiene (1995).
JENNIFER COATES is Professor of English Language and Linguistics at Roehampton Institute, London. Her published work includes Women, Men and Language (originally published 1986, 2nd edition 1993), Women in their Speech Communities (1989) (co-edited with Deborah Cameron) and Women's Studies: An Introduction (1995) (co-edited with Beryl Madoc-Jones). Her new book, Women Talk, an account of her long-term research into conversation between women friends, was published in October 1996, and her Language and Gender Reader will appear in 1997.
DAVID CORSON is Professor in the Department of Theory and Policy Studies, and in the Modem Language Center at the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education. He is the founding editor of the journal Language and Education and general editor of The Encyclopedia of Language and Education. Recent publications include Discourse and Power in Educational Organizations (1995) and Changing Education for Diversity (1997).[Page viii]
VICTORIA DeFRANCISCO is an Associate Professor in Communication Studies and Director of Women's Studies at the University of Northern Iowa. Her research has appeared in Discourse and Society, Women and Language and Language in Society. She co-authored Women's Voices in Our Times: Statements by American Leaders and guest-edited a special issue of Women's Studies in Communication.
SUZANNE EGGINS lectures in semiotic approaches to text/discourse in the School of English at the University of New South Wales. Her research interests include conversation analysis, cohesion in text, and theory and analysis. Her publications include An Introduction to Systemic Functional Linguistics (1994) and Analysing Casual Conversation (co-authored with Diana Slade, 1997).
JANET HOLMES holds a personal Chair in Linguistics at Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand. She teaches linguistics and sociolinguistics courses, specializing in New Zealand English and language and gender issues. Her publications include a textbook, An Introduction to Sociolinguistics and the first sociolinguistics book on New Zealand English, New Zealand Ways of Speaking English, co-edited with Allan Bell.
RICK IEDEMA is Research Fellow at the Centre for Hospital Management and Information Systems Research (University of New South Wales). He operates a consultancy for a major magazine publisher and television production company through his business ‘Meaning Research’.
SHARI KENDALL is a doctoral candidate in linguistics with a concentration in sociolinguistics at Georgetown University. In addition to her research on workplace communication, she has presented papers on the representation of gay men and lesbians in media coverage of gay rights controversies, interpersonal communication in lesbian couples, and the creation of authority in religious discourse.
BONNIE McELHINNY is Assistant Professor of Anthropology at the University of Toronto. Her work focuses on language, gender and political economy. She has published chapters and articles in American Speech, Gender Articulated, The Clinical Law Review and Sociolinguistics and Language Teaching. She is completing an ethnography currently entitled ‘Policing Gender’, based on her fieldwork with the Pittsburgh police department.
NORA RÄTHZEL is Researcher at the University of Bremen and at the Institut fir Migration und Rassismusforschung in Hamburg. Her research interests include everyday racism, gender relations and [Page ix]ethnic relations. She is co-author of Female Sexualization and is a member of the editorial board of Social Identities and the International Association for the Study of Racism.
AMY SHELDON is a professor in the Department of Speech-Communication at the University of Minnesota, where she is also on the graduate faculties of Linguistics and Feminist Studies, and is an Affiliate of the Center for Cognitive Sciences. Her research has focused on child and adult first and second language acquisition. In 1996 she was guest editor of an issue of the journal Research on Language and Social Interaction.
A YSON SIMPSON lectures in language, literature and gender studies. She combines her interests in critical discourse theory with feminist postructuralism to examine the construction of gendered subject positionings in children's interactions. She is presently completing her doctoral studies with a thesis entitled “‘It's my turn!”: a critical discourse analysis of the construction of gendered subjectivity in children's games' at the University of Western Sydney.
DEBORAH TANNEN is University Professor and Professor of Linguistics at Georgetown University. In addition to gender and language, her research interests include conversational style, spoken and written language, and cross-cultural communication. Her publications include Conversational Style: Analysing Talk Among Friends (1984), Talking Voices: Repetition, Dialogue and Imagery in Conversational Discourse (1989), You Just Don't Understand (1990), Talking From 9 to 5: Women and Men in the Workplace: Language, Sex and Power (1994) and Gender and Discourse (1994).[Page x]