Publication Year: 2000
How do gay men respond to controlling notions of masculinity in society and stereotypes of gay sexuality? This book explores the ways in which gay men in the United States engage in, contest and modify these notions and develop a sense of masculine identity. The book examines the creation of identity through the everyday lives of gay men: their work; home; community; and relationships.
- Front Matter
- Back Matter
- Subject Index
Part One: Masculinities in Gay Relationships
- Chapter 2: Seeking Sexual Lives: Gay Youth and Masculinity Tensions
- Chapter 3: “One of the Guys”: Instrumentality and Intimacy in Gay Men's Friendships with Straight Men
- Chapter 4: Gay Male Domestic Violence and the Pursuit of Masculinity
Part Two: Masculinities in Everyday Gay Life
- Chapter 5: Risk and Masculinity in the Everyday Lives of Gay Men
- Chapter 6: Religion and Masculinity in Latino Gay Lives
- Chapter 7: Masculinity in the Age of AIDS: HIV-Seropositive Gay Men and the “Buff Agenda”
- Chapter 8: Queer Sexism: Rethinking Gay Men and Masculinity
Part Three: Masculinities in Diverse Gay Groups
Research on Men and Masculinities Series[Page ii]
Michael S. Kimmel, SUNY Stony Brook
Contemporary research on men and masculinity, informed by recent feminist thought and intellectual breakthroughs of women's studies and the women's movement, treats masculinity not as a normative referent but as a problematic gender construct. This series of interdisciplinary, edited volumes attempts to understand men and masculinity through this lens, providing a comprehensive understanding of gender and gender relationships in the contemporary world. Published in cooperation with the Men's Studies Association, a Task Group of the National Organization for Men Against Sexism.
EDITORIAL ADVISORY BOARD
- Maxine Baca Zinn
- Robert Brannon
- Cynthia Cockburn
- Jeff Hearn
- Martin P. Levine
- William Marsiglio
- David Morgan
- Joseph H. Pleck
- Robert Staples
- Bob Blauner
- Harry Brod
- R. W. Connell
- Clyde Franklin II
- Gregory Herek
- Robert A. Lewis
- Michael A. Messner
Volumes in this Series
- Steve Craig (ed.)
- MEN, MASCULINITY, AND THE MEDIA
- Peter M. Nardi (ed.)
- MEN'S FRIENDSHIPS
- Christine L. Williams (ed.)
- DOING WOMEN'S WORK: Men in Nontraditional Occupations
- Jane C. Hood (ed.)
- MEN, WORK, AND FAMILY
- Harry Brod and Michael Kaufman (eds.)
- THEORIZING MASCULINITIES
- Edward H. Thompson, Jr. (ed.)
- OLDER MEN'S LIVES
- William Marsiglio (ed.)
- Donald Sabo and David Frederick Gordon (eds.)
- MEN'S HEALTH AND ILLNESS
- Cliff Cheng (ed.)
- MASCULINITIES IN ORGANIZATIONS
- Lee H. Bowker (ed.)
- MASCULINITIES AND VIOLENCE
- Nancy Lesko (ed.)
- MASCULINITIES AT SCHOOL
- Peter M. Nardi (ed.)
- GAY MASCULINITIES
Copyright © 2000 by Sage Publications, Inc.
All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Sage Publications, Inc.
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Sage Publications Ltd.
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Sage Publications India Pvt. Ltd.
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Printed in the United States of America
Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data
Main entry under title:
Gay masculinities / Edited by Peter M. Nardi.
p. cm.—(Research on men and masculinities series; 12)
Includes bibliographical references and index.
ISBN 0-7619-1524-9 (cloth: alk. paper)
ISBN 0-7619-1525-7 (pbk.: alk. paper)
1. Gay men—United States—Social conditions. 2. Gay men—United States—Psychology. 3. Masculinity. 4. Gender identity. I. Nardi, Peter M. II. Series.
HQ76.3.U5 G388 2000
00 01 02 03 04 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
Acquiring Editor: Peter Labella
Editorial Assistant: Brian Nuemann
Production Editor: Denise Santoyo
Editorial Assistant: Cindy Bear
Typesetter: Lynn Miyata
Indexer: Teri Greenberg
Putting together a collection of separate pieces requires some assistance, and this book is no exception. In addition to Michael Kimmel, who suggested that I organize a book around the topic of gay masculinities and who reviewed the chapters, I also wish to thank Don Barrett, Lee Klosinski, Michael Messner, Stephen Murray, Ken Plummer, Robert Reid-Pharr, and David Whittier for their help. Peter Labella has been an encouraging editor at Sage and supportive of this project even when it fell behind schedule. Thanks to all for making this anthology a reality and to all my wonderful colleagues at Pitzer College who have allowed me to explore, without equivocation, my interests and research projects in gay studies.Peter M.Nardi[Page viii]
About the Editor and Contributors[Page 283]
Donald C. Barrett is a sociologist at California State University San Marcos where he teaches about the impact of structural inequality on health, sexuality, and substance use. Prior to joining CSU, he was involved in numerous public policy and health promotion projects and has published on social-psychological factors related to HIV risk, the meanings of sexual behavior, and measurement. His work focuses on community integration, self-concept, and health for gay men. He is a council member of the Section on Sexualities of American Sociological Association and of the Committee on Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, and Transgendered Persons of the Pacific Sociological Association.
Lionel Cantú is Assistant Professor in the Sociology Department at the University of California, Santa Cruz. The chapter in this volume is drawn from his dissertation research, “Border Crossings: Mexican Men and the Sexuality of Migration,” which examines how sexuality influences migratory processes. His research has been funded by a number of agencies, including the Social Science Research Council's (SSRC) Sexuality Fellowship Program, the SSRC International Migration Program, and the Ford Fellowship program.
[Page 284]J. Michael Cruz is a doctoral student in sociology at Texas Woman's University in Denton, Texas. For his master's degree from the University of North Texas, he conducted a qualitative study of gay male domestic violence. He is interested in issues of social inequality based on race, class, gender, and sexual orientation. He is studying masculinity and its relationship to both ethnic minority and gay men, and he teaches undergraduate sociology courses in family violence, race/ethnicity, and social inequality.
Dwight Fee is Visiting Assistant Professor of Sociology at Middlebury College in Middlebury, Vermont. His interests include sexuality and gender studies, mental illness, contemporary social theory and epistemology, and interpretive social psychology. He is the editor of Pathology and the Postmodern: Mental Illness as Discourse and Experience, and is currently writing a book addressing heterosexuality, intimacy, and friendship.
Perry N. Halkitis is Clinical Assistant Professor in the Department of Applied Psychology at New York University and also is Associate Director of the Center for HIV/AIDS Educational Studies and Training. He is a research psychologist, funded by the National Institute of Drug Abuse and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. His work has focused primarily on prevention of HIV disease among gay men, with emphasis on the HIV-positive individual, HIV treatment advances, as well as factors influencing the quality of life of HIV-positive people. He serves on the HIV Prevention Planning Group of New York City and on the board of directors of Body Positive, and has presented both nationally and internationally on his HIV-related research.
Shinhee Han is a Korean American clinical social worker at Columbia University's Counseling and Psychological Services and a psychotherapist in private practice. She specializes in cross-cultural psychotherapy with the Asian American and international student population. She is also a PhD candidate at the School of Social Work, New York University, writing her dissertation on Asian American gay men's disclosure of their sexual identity to their parents and family relationships following the disclosure.
Thomas J. Linneman is Assistant Professor of Sociology at the College of William and Mary in Virginia. His main research interests include [Page 285]social movements, public opinion, and social change. His recent work involves studying how gay men, lesbians, and Christian conservatives perceive the political climates around them and how they are affected by such climates. His other research projects include extra-organizational forms of activism and public perceptions of activism and activists.
Matt G. Mutchler earned a PhD in sociology from the University of California, Santa Barbara. His research interests include sexualities, gender, AIDS and health, deviance, social psychology, social movements, and gay and lesbian studies. He has published scholarly articles focused on the intersections of his intellectual and social service projects. Topics include how gay men produce safer sex culture, institutional challenges in AIDS service organizations, symbolic meanings gay youth attach to sex, sexual politics in gay communities and institutions, and masculinity tensions in gay sexualities. He founded and directed an innovative HIV-pre-vention community-building project for young gay men in Santa Barbara County, California. He is now Research and Evaluation Specialist at AIDS Project Los Angeles.
Peter M. Nardi is Professor of Sociology at Pitzer College of the Claremont Colleges. He is the author of Gay Men's Friendships: Invincible Communities; the coeditor of Social Perspectives in Lesbian and Gay Studies: A Reader (with Beth Schneider), In Changing Times: Gay Men and Lesbians Encounter HIV/AIDS (with Martin Levine and John Gagnon), and Growing Up Before Stonewall: Life Stories of Some Gay Men (with David Sanders and Judd Marmor); and the editor of Men's Friendships. He currently edits Sociological Perspectives, the official academic journal of the Pacific Sociological Association.
Suzanne C. Ouellette is Professor of Psychology at the Graduate School and University Center of the City University of New York (CUNY), where she is a member of the Developmental and Social/Personality Psychology faculties. She heads the Social/Personality Program, and is former Director of Health Psychology training at CUNY. Her long-standing interests involve using psychological theory and method to document and understand both lesbian and gay concerns and religious dimensions of behavior. Her major areas of research include personality and social systems change, psychological approaches to mental and physical health, and existential and phenomenological psychology.
[Page 286]Eric M. Rodriguez is a doctoral student in the Social/Personality Psychology program at the Graduate School and University Center of the City University of New York (CUNY). His work here represents his ongoing interest in issues of spirituality, religion, and identity within the gay and lesbian community. Currently, he is working on his dissertation, tentatively titled “Religion and Homosexuality: A Deeper Understanding of Gay and Lesbian People of Faith.”
Steven P. Schacht is Assistant Professor of Sociology at Plattsburgh State University of New York. His primary areas of research and teaching are race, class, gender, and sexuality. He is presently working on several papers that further explore his experiences in various drag communities and a book with Doris Ewing entitled A Feminist Phallacy: The Failure to Include Men.
Jane Ward is a doctoral student at the University of California, Santa Barbara. Her current research includes an ethnographic study of gay men's relationships with women in the Los Angeles area and focuses specifically on gay men's narratives about femininity and feminism and their involvement in the production of sexism at both structural and ideological levels.