This book takes students on a guided tour of the gang phenomenon through history, as well as current representations of gangs in literature and media. It includes: - A detailed global overview of gang culture, covering, amongst others, Glasgow, Chicago, Hong Kong, and Shanghai - A chapter on researching gangs which covers quantitative and qualitative methods - Extra chapter features such as key terms, chapter overviews, study questions and further reading suggestions. Fraser brings together gang-literature and critical perspectives in a refreshingly new way, exploring ‘gangs’ as a social group with a long and fascinating history.

Conclusion: Beyond the Gang?

Conclusion: Beyond the Gang?

Youth gangs have become a defining symbol of fear, anxiety and regulation across a range of global contexts. In the United States, UK, Latin America and Europe, public fears over rising gang problems have been matched by increasingly punitive criminal justice policies targeted at gangs. Yet, as we have seen, defining gangs and gang-membership is inherently problematic, reflecting deep prejudices and bias. It is not coincidental that the individuals most frequently labelled as gang members, and subject to gang-specific policy interventions, are also most often drawn from communities that are already structurally marginalised by the social system – be it ...

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