Gandhian Engagement with Capital: Perspectives of J C Kumarappa comprehensively presents the Gandhian ideas on economic development and political economy. Within this larger context, it focuses on the towering contributions of J C Kumarappa, the pioneer of the Gandhian model of economic development, and describes, from his standpoint, how the moral and political dispositions of Gandhism amount to a critique of capitalism. The book also covers in detail the major facets of Kumarappa’s contribution to Gandhism: developing a non-mechanized, non-capitalist model of industrialization; presenting the holistic development approach; reflecting on the role of the state in facilitating a village-centric economy; and exploring the role of religion in developing the moral foundation of the Gandhian political economy. These reflect the historical context of Kumarappa’s scholarship and his deep understanding of the various dimensions of Gandhian thought. The book highlights the debates within Gandhism and imparts a nuanced understanding of other Gandhian thinkers. Further, it presents several discourses in modern Indian political thought by analysing the interplay of narratives.

Political Economy of Permanence

Political economy of permanence

J. C. Kumarappa's idea of economy of permanence presents his interpretation of the Gandhian utopia of Sarvodaya. Gandhi had borrowed the term ‘Sarvodaya’ from Jainism to translate Ruskin's ‘Unto This Last’. In his autobiography, Gandhi has narrated the influence that Ruskin's work had on him in defining the three crucial principles of Sarvodaya. First, that the good of the individual is contained in the good of all. Second, that a lawyer's work has the same value as the barber's inasmuch as all have the same right of earning their livelihood from their work. Third, that a life of labour, that is, the life of the tiller of the soil and the handicraftsman, is the life worth living.1 ...

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