Globally, street-living children are the most fluid population of vulnerable children. They are conspicuous yet subsist on the fringes of the marginalized. This book attempts to sketch a holistic picture of the street child phenomenon across the globe.
The book incorporates empirical data from a cross-cultural study of this phenomenon in three mega cities—Mumbai, Nairobi, and Los Angeles—and some of the best practices developed by faith-based and secular organizations to help street-living children. These data include global estimates, analysis of the causative factors, occupations of these children, as also the resulting problems. The book also gives new insights into the impact of state policies to support secular and faith-based organizations, and the way social service is practiced by such organizations in India, Kenya, and USA.
The authors take the readers through the social construction of the street child phenomenon over the years by weaving socio-political, cultural, and historical perspectives in understanding the circumstances surrounding them.
Chapter 6: Global Initiatives for Street Children: Efforts by the UNICEF and ILO in the USA, India and Kenya
Global Initiatives for Street Children: Efforts by the UNICEF and ILO in the USA, India and Kenya
The primary engagement of the foregoing chapters of the present book was with the problems and situations of street children across the three countries—the USA, India and Kenya—and the various programmes and policy initiatives that directly affect their lives. The concern, so far in the book, has been localized, in that the discussion was at the country level. In this chapter, we engage with the issue at a more global level by discussing the efforts and interventions undertaken by organizations that have a worldwide footprint, such as the United Nations International Children's ...