Globally, street-living children are the most fluid population of vulnerable children. They are conspicuous yet subsist on the fringes of the marginalized. This book attempts to sketch a holistic picture of the street child phenomenon across the globe.
The book incorporates empirical data from a cross-cultural study of this phenomenon in three mega cities—Mumbai, Nairobi, and Los Angeles—and some of the best practices developed by faith-based and secular organizations to help street-living children. These data include global estimates, analysis of the causative factors, occupations of these children, as also the resulting problems. The book also gives new insights into the impact of state policies to support secular and faith-based organizations, and the way social service is practiced by such organizations in India, Kenya, and USA.
The authors take the readers through the social construction of the street child phenomenon over the years by weaving socio-political, cultural, and historical perspectives in understanding the circumstances surrounding them.
Chapter 5: Street Children in the USA, India and Kenya: Policies and Programmes
Street Children in the USA, India and Kenya: Policies and Programmes
Street children are included in the category of vulnerable children or children in difficult situations. All the policies for child protection are applicable to them and in addition, there are some special provisions to take care of their needs and rights. Each country is seen to be responding to the global conventions/treaties as well as to local situations while framing the policies and programmes for street children.
Street Children of the USA
History of Protection of Children and Childcare in the USA
In the USA, the primary responsibility for child welfare services rests with the individual states, and each state has its own legal and administrative structures ...