Art and science both hinge on discovery, and discovery requires thinking out of the box. But how do you lead students to think creatively in STEM education? The answer is STEAM, and A is for the arts. STEAM—the integration of music, visual arts, and drama into daily STEM instruction—is proven to enhance student achievement in STEM subjects. After all, creative, real-world problem-solving is what working scientists and mathematicians actually do. But how do busy STEM educators weave arts activities into a sometimes inflexible STEM curriculum? In this new edition of From STEM to STEAM, the ground-breaking bestseller, the authors provide lessons from the field to detail the way. Authors David Sousa, expert in educational neuroscience, and Tom Pilecki, veteran arts educator, pool theircombined eighty years of expertise to deliver: • Research studies in cognitive and social neuroscience, including new findings on how technology is rewiring students’ brains, that demonstrate how arts activities enhance creativity, problem solving, memory systems, motor coordination, and analytical skills—all critical elements to achieving STEM objectives. • Classroom-tested strategies and techniques for integrating the arts into STEM instruction, including sample K-12 lessons plans and planning templates. • Tools for building a professional development program designed to helps arts and STEM teachers collaborate to create STEAM lessons. • Sample planning frameworks that provide a smooth transition from STEM to STEAM, including advice on adapting STEAM to meet the individual needs and limitations of a school or district. • A list of resources available to teachers in the STEM subjects, in the arts, in arts integration, and for STEAM. The main objective of both art and science is discovery. Lead your students to make that connection and STEAM ahead to academic success!
Chapter 3: Bringing Steam Into Schools
Bringing Steam Into Schools
The worst scientist is he who is not an artist; the worst artist is he who is no scientist.
Despite the spread of STEM, there are no national standards by which to measure the effectiveness of this initiative. Some states do require school districts to administer science tests at different grade levels, which essentially measure how much information the students have memorized. As mentioned in Chapter 2, almost all STEM classrooms that we observed often lack any of the creative features that characterize what STEM professionals do in the real world. That is why schools have turned to STEAM.
There are now many self-proclaimed “STEM schools,” “STEM academies,” and “STEAM academies” springing up ...