“Robert C. Davis and Arthur J. Lurigio present a balanced and reasoned review of what citizens, with the help of police and other authorities, can do to reduce drug-related crime in their neighborhoods. The message is timely, clear, helpful, and hopeful. Fighting Back successfully brings together recent and emerging research in community antidrug efforts (indigenous and implanted), police-based strategies, and civil abatement procedures. The authors examine what is and what is not working to mitigate one of America's most pressing social problems--neighborhood-based drug trafficking.” --Janice A. Roehl, Ph.D., Vice President, Institute for Social Analysis, Pacific Grove, California “Fighting Back is a delightful book and will add significantly to the field. It is the first comprehensive book that covers different strategies used to restore order and health to our troubled communities. Because the book covers a number of strategies, it is relevant to many different disciplines.… Its breath is refreshing and offers a perspective of hope in a field that is often filled with ‘doom and gloom.’ This book is useful to a wide audience to learn about programs that address this problem.” --Faye S. Taxman, University of Maryland at College Park Illicit drugs continue to pose a serious challenge to society, particularly inner-city communities. Featuring the latest empirical research, Fighting Back takes a close look at the partnerships law enforcement and grassroots citizen groups are forming to prevent and discourage drug dealing. The authors thoroughly examine police-based, citizen-based, and shared responsibility strategies through case studies, citing never-before published or newly released investigations. Using an eclectic, multidisciplinary approach, Robert C. Davis and Arthur J. Lurigio provide a detailed discussion of both theoretical and programmatic issues critical to this ongoing social problem. With an emphasis on how drug use and related crime and violence affect the well-being and vitality of neighborhoods, this volume offers informed and hopeful observations for effective, cooperative strategies for restoring drug-affected communities. Professionals and students in many different disciplines--including law enforcement, corrections, criminal justice, community psychology, sociology, urban affairs, and public policy--will find Fighting Back a comprehensive resource on the cooperative efforts of citizenry and the law to curtail drug dealing.
Chapter 3: Community Antidrug Efforts
Community Antidrug Efforts
The Origins of Community Antidrug Efforts in the 1970s Community Anticrime Movement
Community antidrug efforts of the 1980s and 1990s grew out of citizen programs, which were started in the 1970s to prevent street crime and residential burglary. The fundamental philosophy of the community crime prevention movement was that the most effective means of combating crime is to involve residents in proactive interventions aimed at reducing or precluding the opportunity for crime in their neighborhoods |Lockhard, Duncan, & Brenner, 1978; Podolefsky & DuBow, 1981). Citizen programs to combat street crime and burglaries assumed a variety of forms, including resident patrols (Yin, Vogel, & Chaiken, 1977), citizen crime- reporting networks (Bickman, Lavrakas, & Green, 1977), block watch programs (Rosenbaum, Lewis, & Grant, ...