This must-have guide delivers a set of fifteen essential behavioral intervention techniques, supported by research and case studies that can be applied in any classroom.
Chapter 1: Attributions: The Power of Attributing Student Success to Efforts
Attributions refer to one's beliefs concerning the outcomes of one's actions. Attributions are our perceptions about the causes of our success and failure (Weiner, 2005). Stable attributions are those that refer to an individual's personal attributes—internal attributions. External attributions refer to forces external to the individual. Within internal attributions there are stable attributions—those about ability—and there are those that are seen as temporal—dealing with the person's efforts. Attributions that are seen as stable are believed to be less alterable than are temporal attributions. It is best to attribute success to internal temporal factors such as effort. Bad outcomes should be interpreted as alterable (Bryan, 1998).
Attributions are ...