Shifting marriage and divorce patterns, transformation in the workplace, the growth of the women's movement and the development of the men's movement, all these social and cultural changes have changed fathers' traditional family roles and forced a reexamination of how fathers and children interact. Progress in this new understanding of fathers is highlighted in Fatherhood, a volume of empirical and theoretical research on fathers in families. The research pieces, written by such well-known scholars as Furstenberg, Seltzer, and Greif, examine differences in culture, class, nationality, and custodial status. The chapters focus on legal, economic, and policy questions, as well as on the interaction between fathers and children within the family. Some of the topics explored are fathers' involvement in child care, fathering in the inner city, and single fathers who have custody of their children. Fatherhood is the most current assessment of our research base on fatherhood available for professional, scholarly, and classroom use and is important reading for those interested in men's studies, family studies, gender studies, sociology, psychology, and social work.
Chapter 6: Paternal Involvement and Perception toward Fathers' Roles: A Comparison between Japan and the United States
In many societies, the man's primary family role is that of economic provider. Consequently, women assume responsibility for the day-today care and supervision of children and are more likely to provide children with emotional and physical comfort (e.g., Leslie, Anderson, & Branson, 1991). It is important, however, to acknowledge fathers' roles and paternal influences derived from their caretaking, teaching, playing, and one-on-one interaction with a child. Several American studies report that children benefit emotionally and mentally from interaction with their fathers (e.g., Lamb, Pleck, & Levine, 1985, 1987). Paternal involvement also increases marital satisfaction (Morgan, Lye, & ...