Family Sexual Abuse: Frontline Research and Evaluation
In the battle against family sexual abuse, most studies and research findings have examined the problem on a national level--but what about the studies that have been done at the local level? With contributions from practitioners and researchers, Family Sexual Abuse deftly explores the results of eleven research projects covering such issues as sibling incest, the background of sexual offenders, effects of sexual abuse on children, effects of offender removal from the home, effects of reunification, and the prognosis for incest offenders after treatment. While large, national studies provide information on major trends in family sexual abuse, this five-year look at Minnesota studies reflects the real impact of interventions in the context of local practitioners dealing with local problems. As such, these studies clearly demonstrate ...
- Front Matter
- Back Matter
Part I: Context: Development of Family Sexual Abuse Research and Practice
- Chapter 1: Child Sexual Abuse: Looking Backward and Forward
- Chapter 2: The Minnesota Family Sexual Abuse Project
Part II: Understanding Family Sexual Abuse and its Effects
- Chapter 3: Families after Sexual Abuse: What Helps? What is Needed?
- Chapter 4: Effects of Probable Sexual Abuse on Preschool Children
- Chapter 5: Taking Sibling Incest Seriously
- Chapter 6: Resilience and the Intergenerational Transmission of Child Sexual Abuse
- Chapter 7: Intrafamilial Sexual Abuse in American Indian Families
Part III: Evaluating Treatments and Interventions
- Chapter 8: Evaluation of a Multiple-Family Incest Treatment Program
- Chapter 9: Family Effects of Offender Removal from the Home
- Chapter 10: Effects of Reunification on Sexually Abusive Families
- Chapter 11: An Evaluation Protocol for Incest Family Functioning
- Chapter 12: Incest Offenders after Treatment
- Chapter 13: Female Sexual Offenders: A Typology
Part IV: Synthesis
Copyright © 1991 by Sage Publications, Inc.
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Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data
Main entry under title:
Family sexual abuse : frontline research and evaluation / edited by Michael Quinn Patton.
Includes bibliographic references.
ISBN 0-8039-3960-4. -- ISBN 0-8039-3961-2 (pbk.)
1. Child molesting--United States. 2. Sexually abused children--Services for--United States. 3. Problem families--Services for--United States. I. Patton, Michael Quinn.
94 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3
Sage Production Editor: Judith L. Hunter
The Family Sexual Abuse Project was created to support the process of inquiry that would strengthen the field of family sexual abuse intervention. In funding the research and evaluation projects described in this book, the project strove to make connections between information and action.
The first connection was through selection of projects to fund; they typically were conducted in action environments. Then we talked about what we were learning. We wrote about the projects in our periodic newsletter. We spoke to policymakers. We convened the researchers to discuss themes and issues, both substantive and methodological. We invited practitioners and researchers to annual conferences at which the project findings were presented and participants enabled to carry on further discussion about the implications for practice.
This book is a logical extension of our desire to share what we are learning—and, we hope, to continue the process of inquiry. Here we present the projects and invite each reader to ask what the next questions are for policy, practice, and future research.
A unique aspect of the Family Sexual Abuse Project is that it was undertaken by a small collaboration of funders, with leadership from The Saint Paul Foundation. These funders believed that a great deal could be accomplished, even with relatively modest funding. They believed that, by conducting all the activities referred to above, we could extend the impact of the work beyond the individual programs and researchers. We are enormously grateful to the funders who shared the vision of The Saint Paul Foundation and made this work possible: the F. R. Bigelow Foundation, First Bank Saint Paul, the Mardag Foundation, the Minneapolis Star and Tribune/Cowles Media Company, and the St. Paul Companies.
We owe a special thanks to members of a peer review panel who agreed to critique the component chapters of this book in preparation for publication. They are Ann C. Jaede, manager, Criminal Justice Program [Page viii]of the Minnesota State Planning Agency; Terry M. Lindeke, Ramsey County, director, intergovernmental relations; and Paul W. Mattessich, director, Wilder Research Center. Gretchen Shafer coordinated the communications among authors and assisted in finalizing chapters.
Finally, an enormous debt of thanks is owed to our many dedicated advisers, who served unwaveringly over the years. Their creativity, knowledge, humor, and occasional prodding have helped this project come to full flower. Thank you to Gay Bakken, Cheryl Champion, Donna Fehrenbach, Arthur Fleischer, Pat Genereu×, Paul Gerber, Ann Jaede, Terry Lindeke, Alan Listiak, Maribeth Lundeen, Anne McBean, James H. Michel, Dick Merwin, Frank Pasnecker, Michael Patton, Gretchen Shafer, Carol Seefeldt, Fran Sepler, Larry Simon, Joan Sykora and Joan Velasquez.—Saint Paul, Minnesota,
About the Authors[Page 243]
Margaret J. Bringewatt, M.A., is a human services and public policy consultant who has worked in the Twin Cities of Saint Paul and Minneapolis for nearly 20 years. She has worked with issues of child sexual abuse, AIDS, families in poverty, child development, refugee services, and rural issues. Her master's degree in public affairs is from the Humphrey Institute of Public Affairs.
Irl Carter, Ph.D., is Associate Professor in the School of Social Work, University of Minnesota. His primary research area is American Indian policies, and his publications have been in human behavior, community development, and industrial social work. He recently served as Acting Director of the Center for Youth Development and Research, University of Minnesota. He is coauthor of Human Behavior in the Social Environment: A Social Systems Approach (Aldine, 1990), now in its fourth edition. He teaches social policy, human behavior, organizations and communities; for two years, he taught at the Chinese University of Hong Kong.
Jon R. Conte, Ph.D., is an Associate Professor at the School of Social Work, University of Washington, Seattle. He is the editor of the Journal of Interpersonal Violence and Violence Update. He is a frequent lecturer at national and international meetings and a past President of the American Professional Society on the Abuse of Children.
W. N. Friedrich, Ph.D., is a consultant in the Department of Psychiatry and Psychology at the Mayo Clinic, and is Associate Professor in the Mayo Medical School. He is a diplomate in clinical and family psychology with the American Board of Professional Psychology. He has recently authored a book, Psychotherapy of Sexually Abused Children and Their Families, published by W. W. Norton in 1990.
Jane F. Gilgun, Ph.D., is an Associate Professor in the School of Social Work, University of Minnesota, Twin Cities. A researcher in child maltreatment for the last 10 years, she was a practitioner in child welfare and family service settings for the 10 previous years. She currently is editing a book of original articles, Qualitative Methods in Family Research, with two co-editors, Gerald Handel and Kerry Daley.
[Page 244]S. K. Hewitt, Ph.D., is a licensed consulting psychologist with River City Mental Health, Saint Paul, Minnesota. She is the former Co-Director of Midwest Children's Resource Center, Children's Hospital of Saint Paul. She has been seeing abused children since 1976, with emphasis on preschool children.
Catherine F. Lally, M.A., is a doctoral student in the Department of Family Social Science, University of Minnesota.
Pamela R. Larson, M.A., is a doctoral student in the Department of Family Social Science, University of Minnesota.
Carolyn J. Levitt, M.D., is a pediatrician and Director of Midwest Children's Resource Center, a program for child abuse consultation, evaluation, and treatment. She personally has examined 4,000 children for suspicion of sexual abuse. She holds leadership positions at the state and national levels, including Vice President of the National Child Advocacy Center Board and member of the Executive Committee of the Section on Child Abuse and Neglect of the American Academy of Pediatrics.
James W. Maddock, Ph.D., is Associate Professor in the Department of Family Social Science, University of Minnesota. He has worked as a therapist, trainer, and consultant in the area of family sexual abuse since 1974. He is a former president of both the American Association of Sex Educators, Counselors and Therapists and the Upper Midwest Association for Marriage and Family Therapy.
Ruth Mathews, M.A., is a licensed psychologist and has coordinated the Program for Healthy Adolescent Sexual Expression (PHASE) for adolescent male and female sexual offenders since 1983. In 1985, along with Jane Kinder Matthews, she developed an Adult Female Sexual Offender Program. She also serves on the National Task Force on Juvenile Sexual Offending. She has presented at numerous conferences and workshops on adolescent and female sexual offending, and has provided expert testimony. She is currently completing her Ph.D. dissertation at the Saybrook Institute on the role pornography plays in adolescent male sexual offending.
Jane Kinder Matthews, received her B.S.Ed, degree from Southeast Missouri State College and her M.A. in psychology from St. Mary's College in Winona, Minnesota. She has worked with adult male and female sex offenders and adolescent victims of sexual abuse since 1981.
Michael J. O'Brien is currently Director of Clinical Services of East Communities Family Service, a private nonprofit mental health clinic in Maplewood, Minnesota, and a branch of Family Service of Greater St. Paul. Michael is the founder and director of the Program for Healthy Adolescent Sexual Expression (PHASE). He has [Page 245]authored a number of articles on this topic, has appeared on national network news and information shows, and has lectured and trained across the United States and Canada on the topic of sexual abuse and sexual offenders.
Greg Owen, Ph.D., is a Senior Research Scientist with the Amherst H. Wilder Foundation in Saint Paul, Minnesota. He also serves as Adjunct Professor in Health and Human Services Administration for St. Mary's College of Winona, Minnesota.
Lawrence J. Parker holds an M.A. in public affairs and a master of social work degree from the University of Minnesota, and is a doctoral student in social work. He is a member of the Cree tribe, Rocky Boy's Reservation, Montana. He was formerly Director of Planning and Development, and Interim President, Fort Berthold Community College, in North Dakota, and a staff member of the U.S. Senate Select Committee on Indian Affairs.
Michael Quinn Patton, Ph.D., is a social scientist with the Union Institute Graduate School, Cincinnati, Ohio. He is the author of four major evaluation books published by Sage Publications: Qualitative Evaluation and Research Methods (1990), Creative Evaluation (1987), Utilization-Focused Evaluation (1986), and Practical Evaluation (1982). He has served as President of the American Evaluation Association (1988) and as editor of the Journal of Extension (1988–1990). His Ph.D. in sociology is from the University of Wisconsin — Madison.
Jodie Raymaker, licensed psychologist, received a bachelor of science in education degree from Mankato State University in 1978. She was employed as a secondary teacher before completing a master's degree in counseling from the University of Wisconsin in 1981. As a primary therapist with the Program for Healthy Adolescent Sexual Expression (PHASE) for seven years, she developed an expertise in working with adolescent sexual offenders, sexual abuse victims and survivors, and sexually abusive families. She is currently in private practice.
Kathleen Speltz received her B.S. in psychology from St. Mary's College, Winona, Minnesota, and her M.Ed, from Boston University. She received a Bush Fellowship to study public affairs at the Lyndon Baines Johnson School, University of Texas, Austin. She is currently Grants Administrator for Criminal Justice Programs at the Minnesota Office of Drug Policy.
Nancy M. Steele, Ph.D., is a licensed clinical psychologist and Supervisor of the Minnesota Department of Corrections Transitional Sex Offenders Program, Lino Lakes, Minnesota. She also serves as a technical consultant for the National Institute of Corrections.
[Page 246]Jeanette Truchsess is a doctoral candidate in family social science at the University of Minnesota. She is a licensed psychologist, licensed marriage and family therapist, and psychiatric nurse practitioner. She teaches and has a private practice, specializing in family dysfunction and abuse.
Deborah L. Woodworth received her Ph.D. in sociology from the University of Minnesota. She has worked primarily in the areas of evaluation and policy research. Currently, she is a Program Evaluation Specialist for the Office of the Legislative Auditor, State of Minnesota.
Sara Wright, Ph.D., is a licensed consulting psychologist and a licensed marriage and family therapist. She works as a clinician, consultant, researcher, writer, and parent.