This book focuses specifically on the role of the family in communal life. Communal groups are one type of nontraditional families, some communes are predisposed to families while others are not and some communal families can be replacements or substitutes for nuclear families. Historic communal groups such as Shakers, Oneida, Amana, and the Mormons are investigated as are contemporary rural and urban communal groups such as Twin Oaks, Jesus People USA, and the Hutterites.

Urban and Rural Communes of the 1980s and 1990s

Urban and rural communes of the 1980s and 1990s

In the 1980s, the United States continued to lead the world in the development of intentional communities, a case in point would be the phenomenal growth experienced by the Hutterites (Hutterian Brethren) (Oved, 1993, p. 482). Communes in the 1980s were not only surviving, but Oved (1993, p. 483) assessed the communal movement as stable and experiencing significant growth in comparison to the past. The communes of the 1960s were, for the most part, short-lived and transient, while those of the 1970s were a bit more stable and realistic in their goals (Oved, 1993, p. 481). The poor survival rate of the historic communes and those of the ...

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