This book focuses specifically on the role of the family in communal life. Communal groups are one type of nontraditional families, some communes are predisposed to families while others are not and some communal families can be replacements or substitutes for nuclear families. Historic communal groups such as Shakers, Oneida, Amana, and the Mormons are investigated as are contemporary rural and urban communal groups such as Twin Oaks, Jesus People USA, and the Hutterites.

Families in Historic Communal Utopias: Part 2

Families in historic communal utopias: Part 2

Although all three were religious communal utopias, the Shakers, Oneida, and Amana dealt with marriage and family life in different ways. While frequently less known in comparison to the Shakers, Oneida, and Amana, the following historic communal utopias also struggled with the question of community versus family. Let us now continue with our discussion of family life in historic communes.

The Ephrata Cloister was founded by Conrad Beissel in 1732 in Pennsylvania. Beissel had belonged to the Brethren movement, but broke from them because they would not follow his views which included celibacy, Saturday, not Sunday as the Sabbath, and dietary laws from the Old Testament. Beissel stated that these positions were made ...

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