This book focuses specifically on the role of the family in communal life. Communal groups are one type of nontraditional families, some communes are predisposed to families while others are not and some communal families can be replacements or substitutes for nuclear families. Historic communal groups such as Shakers, Oneida, Amana, and the Mormons are investigated as are contemporary rural and urban communal groups such as Twin Oaks, Jesus People USA, and the Hutterites.

Families in Historic Communal Utopias: Part 1

Families in historic communal utopias: Part 1

Three of the better known historic communal utopias are the United Society of Believers in Christ's Second Appearing, otherwise known as the Believers and more popularly known as the Shakers; the Oneida Community, frequently referred to as the Perfectionists; and the Community of True Inspiration, more commonly known as Amana. Although each of these were religious communes, they treated the nuclear family and familial issues differently. As we will see with these three groups and a variety of other communal utopias to be discussed in Chapter 4, family structure and relationships were diverse such as we see among contemporary communal utopias. Some abolished the family unit, substituting celibacy or some other arrangement ...

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