Facing An Unequal World: Challenges for Global Sociology
Sociology in the modern world faces many challenges. This edited volume explores significant themes including inequality, structures of power, conceptions of justice and sustainable futures, forming a critical examination across twenty-five individually authored chapters. This text forms part of SAGE Studies in International Sociology series (SSIS).
- Front Matter
- Subject Index
Part ONE: CAPITALISM AND INEQUALITY: GLOBALIZED ECONOMIES AND FRACTURED SOCIETIES
- Chapter 2: When Extractive Logics Rule: Proliferating Expulsions
- Chapter 3: Resilience, Resistance and Rewiring the World Economy: A View from the South
- Chapter 4: Stratification Requiescat in Pace: Paradigm Shift from ‘Stratification’ and Mobility to Inequality
Part TWO: ECONOMIC, TERRITORIAL AND SOCIAL DIMENSIONS OF INEQUALITY
- Chapter 5: Globalization, Uneven Economic Development, Inequality and Poverty: The Interactive Effects Between Position in the Modern World System and Domestic Stratification Systems
- Chapter 6: Poverty and Inequality in the Arab World
- Chapter 7: Amazonia: Territorial Tensions in Progress
- Chapter 8: Climate Change and Vulnerable Urban Groups: Comparative Analysis of Taipei and Kaohsiung
- Chapter 9: The Coming of the New Class Society: Gender Matters
- Chapter 10: Duel of the Dualisms: Production and Reproduction Reconfiguring
- Chapter 11: The Historic Environment in Opposition to Social Inequalities
- Chapter 12: The Capability Approach, Social Development and Human Rights
- Chapter 13: Two Dissident Ways of Reading on Inequality
- Chapter 14: Framing Arab Poverty Knowledge Production: A Socio-bibliometric Study
Part THREE: REFORMS, RESISTANCE AND ALTERNATIVES: NEW WAYS TOWARDS SOCIAL JUSTICE
- Chapter 15: The Limits of Reform in Liberal Democracies
- Chapter 16: Tensions Between Development, Public Policies to Confront Poverty/Inequality and the Defense of Pluriculturality in South America
- Chapter 17: Inequitable Access to Citizenship in Democratic States: An Exploration of the Limits of Gendered Social Policies for the Attainment of Gender Equality
- Chapter 18: Collective Rights to Life and New Social Justice: The Case of the Bolivian Indigenous Movement
- Chapter 19: Demanding Justice: Popular Protests in China
- Chapter 20: Thomas Piketty and the Marikana Massacre
- Chapter 21: From Tekel to Gezi Resistance in Turkey: Possibilities for a United Collective Social Rights Movement
- Chapter 22: Socio-ecological Inequality and the Democratization Process
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Editorial Arrangement and Chapter 1 © Raquel Sosa Elízaga 2018
Chapter 2 © Saskia Sassen 2018
Chapter 3 © Ari Sitas 2018
Chapter 4 © Göran Therborn 2018
Chapter 5 © Harold Kerbo 2018
Chapter 6 © Habibul Haque Khondker 2018
Chapter 7 © Carlos Walter Porto-Gonçalves 2018
Chapter 8 © Keng-Ming Hsu and Hsin-Huang Michael Hsiao 2018
Chapter 9 © Chizuko Ueno 2018
Chapter 10 © Susan A. McDaniel 2018
Chapter 11 © Hiroyuki Torigoe 2018
Chapter 12© Jean-Michel Bonvin 2018
Chapter 13 © Ana Esther Ceceña 2018
Chapter 14 © Sarah El Jamal and Sari Hanafi 2018
Chapter 15 © Walden Bello 2018
Chapter 16 © Edgardo Lander 2018
Chapter 17 © Grace Khunou 2018
Chapter 18 © Paulo Henrique Martins 2018
Chapter 19 © Chih-Jou Jay Chen 2018
Chapter 20 © Peter Alexander 2018
Chapter 21 © Aylin Topal 2018
Chapter 22 © José Esteban Castro 2018
First published 2018
Apart from any fair dealing for the purposes of research or private study, or criticism or review, as permitted under the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act, 1988, this publication may be reproduced, stored or transmitted in any form, or by any means, only with the prior permission in writing of the publishers, or in the case of reprographic reproduction, in accordance with the terms of licences issued by the Copyright Licensing Agency. Enquiries concerning reproduction outside those terms should be sent to the publishers.
Library of Congress Control Number: 2017946093
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ISBN 978-1-5264-3557-6 (pbk)
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About the Editor and Contributors[Page viii]
Raquel Sosa Elízaga, Editor. Born in Mexico City, on the 24th February 1955. Resident in Mexico City. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Degrees in Sociology, Latin American Studies, and PhD in History, National Autonomous University of Mexico. Full Time Professor at the Center for Latin American Studies of the Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, since January, 1976. Vice President of Program of the International Sociological Association, from 2010 to 2014. Member of its Program Committee from 1998 to 2002; Member of its Executive Committee, from 2006 to 2010. President of the Asociación Latinoamericana de Sociología, from 1985 to 1987, and member of its Council of Ex Presidents, since 2013. Secretary of Social Development and of Culture in the Mexico City Government, from 2000 to 2005, and from 2005 to 2006. Published Educación y exclusión, Mexico, Facultad de Ciencias Políticas y Sociales, UNAM, 2017; “Reflexiones sobre la tradición sociológica, los dilemas de nuestro tiempo y el porvenir” en Castañeda, Dávila et al, El futuro de las ciencias sociales en un entorno globalizado, México, Facultad de Ciencias Políticas y Sociales, UNAM, 2017; Hacia la recuperación de la soberanía educativa en América Latina: conciencia crítica y programa. México, UNAM/CLACSO, 2012; Pensar con cabeza propia. Educación y pensamiento crítico en América Latina. Septiembre de 2011. CLACSO, Cuadernos del pensamiento crítico latinoamericano. Consejo Latinoamericano de Ciencias Sociales. Número 45, año 4, 10 de diciembre de 2011; Co-authored with Irene Sánchez, América Latina: los desafíos del pensamiento crítico, México, Siglo XXI, 2004.
Peter Alexander, Professor of Sociology and Director of Centre for Social Change at the University of Johannesburg, South Africa. PhD. in History, London University. Member of the International Sociological Association. Author of Racism, Resistance and Revolution, 1987; Workers, War and the Origins of Apartheid, 2000; with Luke Sinwell, Thapelo Lekgowa, Botsang Mmope and Bongani Xezwi, Marikana: A View from the Mountain and a Case to Answer, 2012; and with Claire Ceruti, Keke Motseke, Mosa Phadi and Kim Wale, Class in Soweto, 2013. Editor of, with Rick Halpern, Racializing Class, Classifying Race, 2000; and with Marcelle C. Dawson and Meera Ichharam, Globalisation and New Identities: A View from the Middle, 2006.
Walden Bello, Professor of Sociology and Public Administration at the University of the Philippines Diliman, as well as Executive Director of Focus on the Global South. PhD in Princeton University. Author of Dragons in Distress: Asia’s Miracle Economies in Crisis, with Stephanie Rosenfeld, 1990; with Cunningham, Shea and Li, Kheng Po, A Siamese Tragedy: Development & Disintegration in Modern Thailand, 1999; with Mittal, Anuradha, The Future in the Balance: Essays on Globalization and Resistance, 2001; Deglobalization Ideas for a New World Economy, 2001; The Food Wars, 2009; Capitalism’s Last Stand?: Deglobalization in the Age of Austerity, 2013.
Jean-Michel Bonvin, Professor of Sociology at the University of Geneva, Switzerland. PhD in Sociology, La Sorbonne, Paris. Member of ISA. Author of Investir dans la protection sociale – atouts et limites pour la Suisse / Reformieren durch Investieren? Chancen und Grenzen des Sozialinvestitionsstaats in der Schweiz, with S. Dahmen, 2017; “Towards a Critical Sociology of Democracy: The Potential of the Capability Approach”, in Critical Sociology, with F. Laruffa and E. Rosenstein (2017); “The Ambivalence of Social Policies and the Challenge of Human Development”. In H.-U. Otto, S. Pantazis, H. Ziegler and A. Potsi (Eds.), Human Development in Times of Crisis: Renegotiating Social Justice (2017); “Children’s Rights as Evolving Capabilities, Towards a Processual and Contextualised Conception of Social Justice”. In Ethical Perspectives, with D. Stoecklin (2015); Facing Trajectories from School to Work – Towards a Capability-Friendly Youth Policy in Europe, with H.-U. Otto, R. Atzmüller, T. Berthet et al. (2015); Amartya Sen, Une politique de la liberté, with N. Farvaque (2008).[Page x]
José Esteban Castro, Principal Researcher, National Technical and Scientific Council (CONICET), based at the Institute of the Conurbated Area (ICO), National University of General Sarmiento (UNGS), Argentina. Emeritus Professor of Sociology at Newcastle University, United Kingdom. DPhil in Politics, Oxford University. Member of the International Sociological Association. Corresponding Member of the Mexican Academy of Sciences. Author of Water, Power, and Citizenship. Social Struggle in the Basin of Mexico, Palgrave-Macmillan, 2006; editor, with L. Heller, of Water and Sanitation Services: Public Policy and Management (Spanish and Portuguese), Earthscan-Routledge, 2009; author of Water and Democracy in Latin America, State University of Paraiba Press (EDUEPB), Brazil, 2016; editor, with B. Fowler and L. Gomes, Time, Science, and the Critique of Technological Reason. Essays in Honour of Hermínio Martins, Palgrave, 2018. Co-ordinator of the WATERLAT-GOBACIT Network (www.waterlat.org).
Ana Esther Ceceña, Professor at the National Autonomous University of Mexico. PhD in International Economic Relations. Director of the Latinoamerican Geopolitical Observatory. Author of: De los saberes de la emancipación y de la dominación; Derivas del mundo en el que caben todos los mundos; Los desafíos de las emancipaciones en un contexto militarizado; Hegemonías y emancipaciones en el Siglo XXI; Posneoliberalism and its bifurcations; On the Complex Relation Between Knowledges and Emancipations; Las corporaciones y el sistema-mundo; Chevron. Paradigma de la catástrofe civilizatoria.
Sarah El Jamal, holds an MA in Middle Eastern Studies and BA in Economics from the American University of Beirut (AUB). Her research interests include poverty measurement and reduction, social protection and policy, labor justice, and taxation justice. She is currently a Program Coordinator and Researcher at the Issam Fares Institute for Public Policy and International Affairs at the AUB. Her most recent publication is Poverty, Inequality, and Social Protection in Lebanon, a research report written and published in partnership with Oxfam.
Sari Hanafi, Professor of Sociology at the American University of Beirut. PhD in Sociology from the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales-Paris. Vice President for National Associations at the ISA Executive Committee. Author of: The Power of Inclusive Exclusion: Anatomy of Israeli Rule in The Occupied Palestinian Territories, 2009; The Emergence of a Palestinian Globalized Elite: Donors, International Organizations and Local NGOs, 2005; and UNRWA and Palestinian Refugees: From Relief and Works to Human Development (Edited with L. Takkenberg and L. Hilal), 2009. His last book is Knowledge Production in the Arab World: The Impossible Promise (with R. Arvanitis).[Page xi]
Paulo Henrique Martins, Professor at the Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Brasil. PhD in Sociology, Université La Sorbonne. Former President of Asociación Latinoamericana de Sociología. Member of ISA. Co-author of Sociologia da Dádiva. Sociologias 2014; “Controversias y Concurrencias Latinoamericanas” – Revista da ALAS, 2014; “Bien Vivir, uma metáfora que libera a experiência sensível dos Direitos Coletivos na Saúde” en Revista Latinoamericana de Estudios sobre Cuerpos, Emociones y Sociedad, 2014; co-author of “Durkheim, Mauss e a atualidade da escola sociológica francesa” en Sociologias, 2013; “Revisitando os fundamentos das modernidades periféricas: dádiva, mercado e pacto” en Revista Brasileira de Sociologia, 2013.
Hsin-Huang Michael Hsiao, Distinguished Research Fellow at Institute of Sociology, Academia Sinica, Taiwan; Professor of Sociology in National Taiwan University and National Sun Yat-Sen University; and Chair Professor of Hakka Studies, National Central University. PhD Sociology, State University of New York at Buffalo. Member of International Sociological Association. Publications: Urban Climate Issues and Governance in Taiwan (in Chinese, co-editor, National Taiwan University Press, 2017); Citizens, Civil Society and Heritage-Making in Asia (in English, co-editor, ISEAS/ IOS, Academia Sinica/ IIAS, 2017); The Lessons of Taiwan’s Local Environment (in Chinese, editor, Chu-Liu Publications, 2015); Globalization and New Intra-Urban Dynamics in Asian Cities (in English, co-editor, National Taiwan University Press, 2014).
Keng-Ming Hsu, Associate Professor at the department of Social and Public Affairs, University of Taipei, Taiwan. PhD in Public Administration, National Cheng Chi University. Publications: “The Preliminary Study of Constructing the Indicators of City Climate Risk Governance”, Thought and Words, 52(4), 2014; with Hsin-Huang Michael Hsiao, “Social Indicators of Climate-Related Risk in Taiwan”, City and Planning, 42(1), 2015; with Chi, Chun-Chieh, and Hsin-Huang Michael Hsiao, “Climate Change, Intergenerational Justice, and Sustainability: Concept, Indicators, and Policy, Taiwan Economic Forecast and Policy”, Taiwan Economic Forecast and Policy, 46(2), 2016.[Page xii]
Chih-Jou Jay Chen, Research Fellow at the Institute of Sociology at Academia Sinica, a jointly appointed Professor at National Tsing-Hua University, and an adjunct Professor at National Taiwan University. PhD in Sociology from Duke University. President of Taiwanese Sociological Association (2018–19). Member of the International Sociological Association. Author of Transforming Rural China: How Local Institutions Shape Property Rights in China (Routledge, 2004), and the co-editor of Social Capital and its Institutional Contingency: A Study of the United States, China and Taiwan (Routledge, 2013).
Harold Kerbo, Professor of Sociology, Cal Poly University, Oklahoma. PhD Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (1975). Member of the American Sociological Association. Author of Sociology: Social Structure and Social Conflict (MacMillan, 1989); Social Stratification and Inequality, McGraw-Hill, now in its 7th edition; with John A. McKinstry, Who Rules Japan?: The Inner-Circles of Economic and Political Power (Greenwood/Praeger, 1995); Social Problems now in its 10th edition (first author James Coleman, Prentice-Hall, 2008); World Poverty: Global Inequality and the Modern World System, McGraw-Hill in 2006, with a second edition forthcoming (Oxford University Press).
Habibiul Haque Khondker, PhD (Pittsburgh) is Professor at the Department of Humanities and Social Sciences at Zayed University, Abu Dhabi, UAE and co-President of Research Committee 9 (Social Transformations and Sociology of Development) of the International Sociological Association. Khondker co-edited Asia and Europe in Globalization: Continents, Regions, and Nations (Brill, 2006) with Goran Therborn. He co-authored Globalization: East/West. (Sage, 2010) with Bryan Turner. He also co-edited The Middle East and the 21st Century Globalization. (Dubai and Abu Dhabi: Zayed University Press, 2010) with Jan Nederveen Pieterse. Khondker’s recent publications incudes, among others, “Class, Identity, and Insecurity: Bangladeshi Temporary Migrants in the UAE”, Current Sociology (forthcoming, 2018).
Grace Khunou, Professor in the Sociology Department at the University of Johannesburg. Active member of ISA. Author of “Men’s health: an analysis of the representations of Men’s health in the Sowetan Newspaper”, Comunicatio: 32, 2013; editor of book The Emergent Middle Class 2015, Routledge; co-editor of Special Issues with Nduna M. on Father Absence in the Open Family Studies Journal 2015; with Nethononda A., and Pillay, R. “Social Work is Women’s Work: An Analysis of Students’ Perceptions as a Career Choice Determinant”, Social Work Practitioner Researcher, 2(1), 2012.[Page xiii]
Edgardo Lander, Professor of Social Sciences at the Universidad Central de Venezuela in Caracas. Fellow member of the Transnational Institute, Amsterdam. PhD in Sociology, Harvard University. Member of ISA. Editor, La colonialidad del saber: Eurocentrismo y ciencias sociales. Perspectivas latinoamericanas. UNESCO/CLACSO, Buenos Aires, 2000; La democracia en las ciencias sociales latinoamericanas contemporáneas, Caracas,1997; editor, El límite de la civilización industrial. Perspectivas latinoamericanas en torno al postdesarrollo, UCV, Caracas, 1995; Neoliberalismo, sociedad civil y democracia. Ensayos sobre América Latina y Venezuela, UCV, Caracas, 1995.
Susan McDaniel, Professor of Sociology and Canada Research Chair in Global Population and Life Course, Prentice Research Chair in Global Population and Economy, Director of the Prentice Institute, University of Lethbridge, Canada. PhD in Sociology, University of Alberta. Former Vice President for Publications in the ISA Executive Committee, Past Editor of Current Sociology, and of the Canadian Journal of Sociology. From 2018, she will be President of ISA RC06 Committee on Family Research. Author of: Is the Math Sufficient? Aging Workforce and the Future Labour Market in Canada (2014); Global Ageing in the Twenty-First Century. Challenges, Opportunities and Implications (2014); and many other books, book chapters and articles.
Saskia Sassen, is the Robert S. Lynd Professor of Sociology and Member, The Committee on Global Thought, Columbia University (www.saskiasassen.com). Her books include Expulsions: Brutality and Complexity in the Global Economy (Harvard University Press/Belknap 2014) now out in 18 languages. Recent books are Territory, Authority, Rights: From Medieval to Global Assemblages (Princeton University Press 2008), A Sociology of Globalization (W.W. Norton 2007), and the 5th fully updated edition of Cities in a World Economy (Sage 2018). Among older books are The Global City (Princeton University Press 1991/2001), and Guests and Aliens (New Press 1999). Her books are translated into over 20 languages. She is the recipient of diverse awards and multiple doctor honoris causa. She was awarded the Principe de Asturias 2013 Prize in the Social Sciences, made a Chevalier de l’Ordre des Arts et Lettres by the French government, and made a Foreign Member of the Royal Academy of the Sciences of Netherland.
Ari Sitas, Professor of Sociology at Cape Town University, South Africa. PhD in Sociology. Former Vice President of Program in the ISA. Author of Voices that Reason, by Ari Sitas; Black Mamba Rising: South African Worker Poets in Struggle, with Alfred Temba Qabula, Mi S’dumo Hlatshwayo and Nise Malange; William Zungu: A Xmas Story; Slave Trades. (2009) The Mandela Decade 1990–2000 (forthcoming Spring) University of South Africa Press; The Ethic of Reconciliation, 2008; Editor and author of Managing Change in 19 KwaZulu-Natal’s Industries, 1995, now Critical Studies Series, University of KwaZulu-Natal; with Dilek Latif, Prospects of Reconciliation and Co-Existence on the Island of Cyprus, 2007; Theoretical Parables, 2004.[Page xiv]
Göran Therborn, Professor Emeritus of Sociology at Cambridge University, UK. PhD in Sociology, Lund University, Sweden. Former Member of the Executive and of the Program Committee in ISA. Author of Science, Class & Society (Verso, 1976); “The rule of capital and the rise of democracy” (New Left Review, no. 103, 1977); What Does the Ruling Class do When it Rules? (1978); The Ideology of Power and the Power of Ideology (1978); Why Some Peoples are More Unemployed than Others (1986); European Modernity and Beyond: The Trajectory of European Societies, 1945–2000 (1995); Between Sex and Power: Family in the World, 1900–2000 (2004); From Marxism to Post-Marxism? (2008); (co-editor) Handbook of European Societies: Social Transformations in the 21st Century (2010); The World: Beginner’s Guide (2011); The Killing Fields of Inequality (2013); Cities of Power (2017).
Aylin Topal, Associate Professor of Political Science and Public Administration, Middle East Technical University. Chairperson of Latin and North American Studies, Middle East Technical University. Author of Boosting Competitiveness by Decentralization: A Subnational Comparison of Local Development in Mexico (Ashgate Publishing, 2012; Routledge, 2016). Author of several journal articles and chapters in edited volumes on regional, urban and rural development in Mexico and state-capital-labor relations under neoliberalism in Turkey.
Hiroyuki Torigoe, President of Otemae University. Professor Emeritus at the Waseda University, Japan. PhD in Japanese Culture. President of Japan Sociological Society (2012–15). Author of ‘Life environmentalism: A model developed under environmental degradation’, in the International Journal of Japanese Sociology, 2014; Natural energy! (Iwanami booklet) by the power of the region, 2010; ‘Think from the standpoint of consumers’, Environmental Sociology, 2004; Visiting the Flower Yoshino – Ecology and its History (Shueisha Shinsho), 2003.
Chizuko Ueno, Professor at the Kyoto University, Japan. PhD in Sociology. Member of ISA. Author of: The Modern Family in Japan: Its Rise and Fall. Victoria, Australia, 2009. “The Politics of Memory: Nation, Individual and Self” in History & Memory, 1999; Nationalism and Gender. Victoria, Australia, 2004; Capitalist and Patriarchal – Horizon of Marxist Feminism, Japan, 2009.[Page xv]
Carlos Walter Porto-Gonçalves, Professor at the Universidade Federal Fluminense, Brazil. PhD, Geography. Author of Geo-grafias: movimientos sociales, nuevas territorialidades y 17 sustentabilidad. México, 2001; Geografando nos varadouros do mundo: da territorialidade seringalista (o seringal) à territorialidade seringueira (a Reserva Extrativista). Brasília, 2003; A Globalização da Natureza e a Natureza da Globalização. Rio de Janeiro, 2006; Geografia da violência no campo brasileiro: o que dizem os dados de 2003. in Revista Crítica de Ciências Sociais, 2006.[Page xvi]