- Subject index
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A hands-on introduction to the craft of social research for Introductory Sociology courses, Exploring Social Issues: Using SPSS for Windows, Third Edition puts students in the role of active researchers as they test their own ideas about topics such as divorce, abortion, crime, inequality, prejudice, and television violence using SPSS, the pre-eminent software program in the social sciences.
This Third Edition uses updated General Social Survey (GSS) data sets and offers a robust SPSS primer in an appendix. The book is available in two formats: as a stand-alone text, or bundled with SPSS (Student Version).
Stresses active and collaborative learning as students engage in a series of investigative explorations of social ...
Chapter 2: Theory and Research: The Scientific Method
Theory and Research: The Scientific Method
Sociologists, like everyone, wonder about all kinds of things: What causes divorce? Why do some parents abuse their children? Can poverty be eliminated? Why are there wars? In a way, answers to questions such as these are easy to come by. Everyone—talk-show hosts, sociology instructors, news commentators, your best friend, ministers, politicians— has an opinion about what causes violence, poverty, unhappiness, and other social problems. The challenge is to evaluate all these answers: How can we tell which are worthwhile and which are off the mark?
One very powerful way to seek answers is provided by science, a method for thinking critically and clearly, evaluating facts, and reaching conclusions. The key to the scientific approach ...