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Praised for its conversational tone, personal examples, and helpful pedagogical tools, the Fourth Edition of Explorations in Classical Sociological Theory: Seeing the Social World is organized around the modern ideas of progress, knowledge, and democracy. With this historical thread woven throughout the chapters, the book presents a diverse selection of major classical theorists including Marx, Spencer, Durkheim, Weber, Mead, Simmel, Martineau, Gilman, Douglass, Du Bois, Parsons, and the Frankfurt School. Kenneth Allan and new co-author Sarah Daynes focus on the specific views of each theorist, rather than schools of thought, and highlight modernity and postmodernity to help contemporary readers understand how classical sociological theory applies to their lives.

Class Inequality : Karl Marx
Class Inequality: Karl Marx

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Source: Library of Congress

The idea of civil society has been integral to democracy since its modern beginnings. It’s an organic idea, in the sense that there aren’t clear boundaries indicating what’s included or excluded and the emphasis changes according to whom you read. Nevertheless, there were few, if any, thinkers at the dawn of modern democracy that didn’t see civil society as a necessary institutional sphere for the success of the democratic experiment that began most notably in France and the United States. In some ways, its organic nature is appropriate because democracy as originally conceived is organic as well, expanding as the ideas of freedom and equality move through the ever-changing landscape of society. ...

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