Experiential Approach for Developing Multicultural Counseling Competence by Mary L. Fawcett and Kathy M. Evans is an ideal companion text for students preparing for a career in counseling or mental health. Mental health workers-in-training need to learn to work effectively with clients from diverse backgrounds, and this text helps them develop these key skills by providing a ready-made resource of multicultural and diversity activities that instructors can assign to enhance student learning in class. It is applicable to all of the core courses in the counseling curriculum and it is developmentally designed to help students build multicultural and diversity competencies from the beginning level to an advanced level.
Chapter 5: Knowledge
In this chapter, we discuss the importance of counselors' cultural knowledge about their own heritage and how that knowledge affects their understanding about how they define normality/abnormality and the process of counseling. In addition, we encourage counselors to explore the effects of oppression, discrimination, and stereotyping on the counseling process. We also explore microaggressions, which are defined as unintentional and invisible offenses that occur every day in many different kinds of conversations and interactions (Sue et al., 2007). Finally, we suggest intervention strategies that take into consideration a counselor's biases and stereotypes about clients from diverse backgrounds. We particularly challenge stereotypes, as within-group difference are often pronounced.
The concept of U.S. society as a melting pot has strongly influenced how Americans are expected to work, ...