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Chapter 5: Emerging Integration in Policing and Criminal Justice
Prior to the Amsterdam Treaty there was a relatively fragmented approach to justice and home affairs matters, including policing and judicial cooperation at European Union level. By setting some clearer objectives, including the creation of an ‘area of freedom, security and justice’, the Treaty has become the impetus for more comprehensive measures to integrate law enforcement efforts at the pan-European level.
Cross-border joint policing operations backed by EU police and judicial bodies is one part of the programme to tackle the increasing level of organised crime. The other is to create a European legal area where the decisions of one member state are directly enforceable in another. Both are aimed at countering the ...