- Subject index
Essential Psychology: A Core Textbook offers both the specialist and non-specialist Psychology student the perfect companion at an affordable price. It represents a fresh alternative to the range of expensive, American-oriented titles on the market that are full of topics you need but also many you don’t need on your course. Written by a UK team of authors, it spans 18 accessibly-sized chapters but concentrates on the six fundamental topic areas that are taught at introductory level in the UK – Conceptual and Historical Issues in Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Biological Psychology Social Psychology, Developmental Psychology & The Psychology of Individual Differences – batching them into sections of 3 chapters each. The textbook is: stylish and presented in full colorhas an abundance of learning features to ...
Section F: How We Know and Measure Our Individuality: The Psychology of Individual Differences
[Page 316]Half of the people you know are below average.
In our modern world, we categorise people on a whole range of abilities. ‘He's very bright, you know’, says the competitive (i.e. every) parent, as if it mattered, or as if they had actually tested their child and compared them to other children. In everyday conversation, we are always making comparisons between our expectations of individuals and how they actually behave. These differences between individuals have been one of the key concerns of psychology for over 100 years.
The History of Individual Differences
The study of individual differences can be traced back to the ...