This unique addition to reference literature provides an introduction to the major concepts and contemporary issues that are essential for students of environmental science and environmental studies to know. With over 200 entries authored by world-class names like Anthony Brazel, John Day and Edward Keller, this text is divided into six sections: Environmental Science, Environments, Paradigms & Concepts, Processes & Dynamics, Scales & Techniques, and Environmental Issues.
This term is mostly used in the humanities, social sciences, architecture and design. It refers to developments with their origins in the late 19th century but which came to fruition in the first half of the 20th century, being superseded by post-modernism. Thus the relevance to environmental science may seem tangential at best. However, the economies spawned in that period, and encouraged by the spread of electricity, the move to consumerism and the speed of communications all have had considerable environmental consequences. The mass production of motor vehicles, for example, using the assembly-line techniques developed by Henry Ford in Detroit, brought in their wake huge alterations of the land surface for roads, parking lots and oil refineries; the extension of the technology into agriculture ...