This unique addition to reference literature provides an introduction to the major concepts and contemporary issues that are essential for students of environmental science and environmental studies to know. With over 200 entries authored by world-class names like Anthony Brazel, John Day and Edward Keller, this text is divided into six sections: Environmental Science, Environments, Paradigms & Concepts, Processes & Dynamics, Scales & Techniques, and Environmental Issues.
Alandsystem is a sub-division of a region in which there is a recurring pattern of topography, soils, vegetation reflecting the underlying rock types and climate of the area and affecting the erosional and depositional surface processes. Early attempts at land classification were developed from national surveys, for example from soil maps. In the USA, after the dust bowl era, the Soil Conservation Service was established and developed methods of soil capability classification as a basis for determining the potential uses of soil types. However this approach, and others developed from a single characteristic of environment such as slope or climate as well as soil, did not take sufficient account of all other environmental characteristics. Extensive resource surveys in undeveloped parts of Australia ...