This unique addition to reference literature provides an introduction to the major concepts and contemporary issues that are essential for students of environmental science and environmental studies to know. With over 200 entries authored by world-class names like Anthony Brazel, John Day and Edward Keller, this text is divided into six sections: Environmental Science, Environments, Paradigms & Concepts, Processes & Dynamics, Scales & Techniques, and Environmental Issues.  



Though in fact used more widely, a scientific description of a landscape comprises the visible features of an area of land, including physical elements such as landforms, soils, plants and animals, the weather conditions, and it also includes any human elements, such as the presence of agriculture or the built environment. Thus although often used primarily of rural areas, it is equally applicable to urban zones. There are a number of specific uses in the context of the environmental sciences. These include landscape ecology which brings ecological ideas to the causes and consequences of pattern and process in landscapes. Likewise, landscape history looks into the ways in which landscapes have evolved through time periods (mostly within the last 10,000 years). Landscape management is the deliberate ...

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