This unique addition to reference literature provides an introduction to the major concepts and contemporary issues that are essential for students of environmental science and environmental studies to know. With over 200 entries authored by world-class names like Anthony Brazel, John Day and Edward Keller, this text is divided into six sections: Environmental Science, Environments, Paradigms & Concepts, Processes & Dynamics, Scales & Techniques, and Environmental Issues.  

Earth System Science

Earth system science

Earth system science is the study of earth as a system in terms of its various component systems, such as the atmosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere, and lithosphere. Of particular importance are the linkages between the various systems and how they have been formed, evolved and then maintained through Earth history. There is particular concern with how these systems will evolve and change over periods of time which are of significance to people today. Generally, this is a timescale from a decade or so to perhaps a century or longer. The linkages of the system are important if it is going to be feasible to predict the impacts of a change of one part of a system with another. For example, today ...

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