This unique addition to reference literature provides an introduction to the major concepts and contemporary issues that are essential for students of environmental science and environmental studies to know. With over 200 entries authored by world-class names like Anthony Brazel, John Day and Edward Keller, this text is divided into six sections: Environmental Science, Environments, Paradigms & Concepts, Processes & Dynamics, Scales & Techniques, and Environmental Issues.
Two major fields of the atmospheric sciences are meteorology, which deals with short-term weather phenomena, and climatology, which studies the frequency of weather systems on large scales of both space and time. Thus the weather experienced this week is a topic for the meteorologists, whereas its incidence over the last 50 years, or the difference between the patterns for Buenos Aires and Hong Kong, are the domain of climatologists. The investigation of the dynamics of the atmosphere as they impinge upon the surface of the earth is inevitably complex since the science captures the eventual outcome of many phenomena and processes. The circulation patterns of air and water, the chemical and physical composition of the atmosphere, the interactions between it and both land- and sea-surfaces, ...