This unique addition to reference literature provides an introduction to the major concepts and contemporary issues that are essential for students of environmental science and environmental studies to know. With over 200 entries authored by world-class names like Anthony Brazel, John Day and Edward Keller, this text is divided into six sections: Environmental Science, Environments, Paradigms & Concepts, Processes & Dynamics, Scales & Techniques, and Environmental Issues.  



A set of ideas and a citizens’ movement to protect the quality and continuity of life through advocacy for the preservation or improvement of the natural environment. Environmentalism effectively arose with the conservation movement in the late 19th century, when there were initiatives towards establishment of state and national parks and forests, wildlife refuges, and national monuments all intended to preserve noteworthy natural features. Early conservationists included President Theodore Roosevelt, Gifford Pinchot, and the Izaak Walton League and the philosophical foundations for environmentalism in the USA were established by Thomas Jefferson, Ralph Waldo Emerson, and Henry David Thoreau.

In the social sciences, the term has been used to refer to any theory that emphasizes the importance of environmental factors in the development of culture and ...

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