This unique addition to reference literature provides an introduction to the major concepts and contemporary issues that are essential for students of environmental science and environmental studies to know. With over 200 entries authored by world-class names like Anthony Brazel, John Day and Edward Keller, this text is divided into six sections: Environmental Science, Environments, Paradigms & Concepts, Processes & Dynamics, Scales & Techniques, and Environmental Issues.  



This phenomenon is normally a topic for the human sciences rather than the natural sciences which underpin the study of physical geography. But in a world with so much human impact and influence, the way in which this one species, Homo sapiens, models the world in its head is clearly of great importance. It is likely that other great apes have something approaching culture but none has developed the richness, subtlety and ability to adapt that is characteristic of the human's own species.

What comprises culture? The human sciences (such as anthropology, sociology, archaeology and cultural studies) do not always agree, but would probably converge on three main components: values, norms and artefacts. Values determine what is important in a culture and may be derived ...

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