This unique addition to reference literature provides an introduction to the major concepts and contemporary issues that are essential for students of environmental science and environmental studies to know. With over 200 entries authored by world-class names like Anthony Brazel, John Day and Edward Keller, this text is divided into six sections: Environmental Science, Environments, Paradigms & Concepts, Processes & Dynamics, Scales & Techniques, and Environmental Issues.  

Biodiversity (Functional Biodiversity of Tropical Marine Systems)

Biodiversity (Functional biodiversity of tropical marine systems)

Biodiversity is usually defined at three levels, i.e., genetic, species/population, and ecosystem. The biodiversity of coastal environments is generally high in all respects; however information on tropical lagoon-estuarine ecosystems is usually not as detailed as required, given the variety of responses to environmental changes, the diverse space and timescales with which organisms interact with their habitats, and the general lack of information on the areas as compared with temperate systems. The diverse biological, ecological and physical interactions which occur within tropical estuaries and the adjacent ocean produce a highly dynamic and variable mosaic of ecosystems.

From an ecological standpoint, the term biodiversity can have several meanings when applied to specific ecosystems, i.e., tropical lagoon-estuarine ...

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