This unique addition to reference literature provides an introduction to the major concepts and contemporary issues that are essential for students of environmental science and environmental studies to know. With over 200 entries authored by world-class names like Anthony Brazel, John Day and Edward Keller, this text is divided into six sections: Environmental Science, Environments, Paradigms & Concepts, Processes & Dynamics, Scales & Techniques, and Environmental Issues.  



Natural and environmental phenomena that are multi-scale and inclusive of human dimensions are considered under the umbrella of biocomplexity. Biocomplexity refers to the complex interactions of organisms with their environments and the complex nature of responses, which are often mediated through biological processes and interactions, and the expression on biodiversity. Biodiversity can refer to the diversity of species, populations, ecosystems, life histories, habitats, links in food webs, or the diverse pathways of energy flow and nutrient cycles. Biodiversity components refers as an ecological reference to these hierarchical levels, and the idea is appropriate to describe biocomplexity of natural ecosystems. Biocomplexity provides a framework or perspective of the consequences of natural and human-induced impacts on ecosystems. An example of this is the effect of climate change ...

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