This unique addition to reference literature provides an introduction to the major concepts and contemporary issues that are essential for students of environmental science and environmental studies to know. With over 200 entries authored by world-class names like Anthony Brazel, John Day and Edward Keller, this text is divided into six sections: Environmental Science, Environments, Paradigms & Concepts, Processes & Dynamics, Scales & Techniques, and Environmental Issues.
The Greek intellectual Aristotle (384–322 BC) identified the temperate zone in between the frigid and the torrid zones of the world. As later scientists, especially climatologists and human geographers, have confirmed, this is a zone highly favourable to many human activities and hence has become one of the most transformed parts of the Earth by anthropogenic means. Deforestation, followed by conversion of land to grazing, arable or urban land has affected much of the temperate zone. The zone is defined by the climates present between the tropics of Cancer and Capricorn at 23.5 degrees and the line of latitude at 66.5 degrees, both north and south of the equator, though there is a much greater land mass in the temperate zone of the ...