This unique addition to reference literature provides an introduction to the major concepts and contemporary issues that are essential for students of environmental science and environmental studies to know. With over 200 entries authored by world-class names like Anthony Brazel, John Day and Edward Keller, this text is divided into six sections: Environmental Science, Environments, Paradigms & Concepts, Processes & Dynamics, Scales & Techniques, and Environmental Issues.  

Fluvial Environments

Fluvial environments

Fluvial refers to things that are of, or in, a river, whereas fluviatile refers to the products of a river. As rivers are the major land arteries of the hydrological cycle and have provided an important locus for human settlement the associated environments are of considerable significance in at least four ways.

The river channel environment refers to the processes and characteristics within the channel cross-section. The river flow, measured by discharge (volume of water per unit time, for example in cubic metres per second) reflects the size of the drainage basin upstream, the climate over the basin and the drainage basin characteristics (rock and soil type, topography, vegetation and land use) which collectively determine the rate of transformation of water received as precipitation ...

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