This unique addition to reference literature provides an introduction to the major concepts and contemporary issues that are essential for students of environmental science and environmental studies to know. With over 200 entries authored by world-class names like Anthony Brazel, John Day and Edward Keller, this text is divided into six sections: Environmental Science, Environments, Paradigms & Concepts, Processes & Dynamics, Scales & Techniques, and Environmental Issues.
Antarctica is the largely ice-covered continental land mass surrounding the South Pole, for the most part occurring within the Antarctic circle (66½ deg S), having a total area of 13,900,000 km2, equivalent to an area twice the size of Europe. Some 98% of Antarctica is covered by ice with an average thickness of 1.6 km. Islands joined by ice make up the western part which has high mountains with the highest in the Ellsworth Mountains, Vinson Massif, at 4892 m. The Antarctic peninsula was first seen in 1820, the first landing and the first overwintering were made in 1895, and the South Pole was first reached by Amundsen in November 1911 and Scott in January 1912. One Antarctic research station on the ...