This unique addition to reference literature provides an introduction to the major concepts and contemporary issues that are essential for students of environmental science and environmental studies to know. With over 200 entries authored by world-class names like Anthony Brazel, John Day and Edward Keller, this text is divided into six sections: Environmental Science, Environments, Paradigms & Concepts, Processes & Dynamics, Scales & Techniques, and Environmental Issues.  



Physiology concerns the functioning of the different organ systems in an organism, both among themselves and with the environment, that is how different parts of an organism work and carry out life sustaining activities. Physiology reveals and elucidates the dynamic nature of the workings of a living organism. The field is subdivided into many different specialized areas. There is the study of a specific group of organisms, such as human physiology or plant physiology, or of specific organ systems, such as renal physiology or neurophysiology, or of specific processes, such as the physiology of photosynthesis. Physiology often focuses at the cellular or molecular level, because ultimately what an organism does depends on the functioning of its cells (or of the cell for an unicellular organism). ...

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