This unique addition to reference literature provides an introduction to the major concepts and contemporary issues that are essential for students of environmental science and environmental studies to know. With over 200 entries authored by world-class names like Anthony Brazel, John Day and Edward Keller, this text is divided into six sections: Environmental Science, Environments, Paradigms & Concepts, Processes & Dynamics, Scales & Techniques, and Environmental Issues.  



Oceanography or marine science is the scientific study of the oceans. Although there are names for different parts of the ocean (i.e., Atlantic Ocean, Pacific Ocean, Gulf of Mexico, etc.), the world ocean is in fact a single, interconnected body of water. This world ocean covers about 70% of the earth's surface and contains about 97% of the liquid water on the earth's surface. The average depth of the ocean is about 3800 m and if the surface of the earth were absolutely smooth, the ocean would be about 2700 m.

The science of oceanography is often divided into four general disciplines: geological oceanography, physical oceanography, chemical oceanography, and biological. These divisions are somewhat arbitrary since physical, geological, chemical, and biological processes in the ocean ...

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