This unique addition to reference literature provides an introduction to the major concepts and contemporary issues that are essential for students of environmental science and environmental studies to know. With over 200 entries authored by world-class names like Anthony Brazel, John Day and Edward Keller, this text is divided into six sections: Environmental Science, Environments, Paradigms & Concepts, Processes & Dynamics, Scales & Techniques, and Environmental Issues.  

Zoos, Botanical Gardens and Museums

Zoos, botanical gardens and museums

A zoo, zoological garden or zoological park is a facility where animals are confined in enclosures and displayed to the public; since ancient times rulers kept menageries of which the modern zoo is a descendant, with the first founded in Vienna, Austria in 1752, the Ménagerie du Jardin des Plantes in Paris in 1794 primarily for scientific and educational research, the London Zoological Garden in 1828; there are more than 1000 animal collections throughout the world, some of which concentrate on rare species with the hope of reintroducing them into the wild.

Museums gained enormous impetus during the 19th century and can be defined as ‘institutions that collect, safeguard and make accessible artifacts and specimens, which they hold ...

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