This unique addition to reference literature provides an introduction to the major concepts and contemporary issues that are essential for students of environmental science and environmental studies to know. With over 200 entries authored by world-class names like Anthony Brazel, John Day and Edward Keller, this text is divided into six sections: Environmental Science, Environments, Paradigms & Concepts, Processes & Dynamics, Scales & Techniques, and Environmental Issues.
For many years, the approach to waste management was to simply release the waste back into the environment and depend on dilution and dispersement to take care of the problem. In the past, this led to only localized problems because human populations were low. But dealing with wastes is a critical problem with large and dense populations and great economic activity. When dispersal and dilution did not work, the objective became to concentrate wastes, often at a single site such as municipal garbage dump. This has led to land and water pollution. Today, the main approach to managing waste is called integrated waste management. This includes an integrated approach that emphasizes re-use, source reduction, recycling, composting, landfill, and incineration. Integrated waste management can ...