This unique addition to reference literature provides an introduction to the major concepts and contemporary issues that are essential for students of environmental science and environmental studies to know. With over 200 entries authored by world-class names like Anthony Brazel, John Day and Edward Keller, this text is divided into six sections: Environmental Science, Environments, Paradigms & Concepts, Processes & Dynamics, Scales & Techniques, and Environmental Issues.
It is beyond question that the environment influences human activities. No commercial firm attempts to grow bananas at the South Pole, and most people need oxygen to climb Mount Everest. But in between there are many activities where the physical conditions may influence human actions but not determine them. Increasing amounts of human intervention may spread possibilities: pineapples may be grown at 50’ N but only under glass. It is also beyond question that humans can alter their physical environments, in a myriad of ways. They can in fact live at the South Pole provided that enough hi-tech equipment is provided to ameliorate the elements and they can, it seems, affect global climate by changing the composition of the upper atmosphere. So in ...