This unique addition to reference literature provides an introduction to the major concepts and contemporary issues that are essential for students of environmental science and environmental studies to know. With over 200 entries authored by world-class names like Anthony Brazel, John Day and Edward Keller, this text is divided into six sections: Environmental Science, Environments, Paradigms & Concepts, Processes & Dynamics, Scales & Techniques, and Environmental Issues.
A term referring to the likelihood of responding to slight changes. In environmental sciences it has been used to connote the propensity of a system to respond to a minor external change. It therefore embraces the proximity of a system to a threshold; if it is near and sensitive it will readily respond to an external influence. Sensitivity has been employed in relation to individual landforms where it has been described as the likelihood, extent and rapidity with which a given landform will change in response to a single unusual process event or to a reinforcing sequence of such events. Landscape stability can be regarded as a function of the temporal and spatial distributions of the resisting and disturbing forces, being described by the landscape ...