This unique addition to reference literature provides an introduction to the major concepts and contemporary issues that are essential for students of environmental science and environmental studies to know. With over 200 entries authored by world-class names like Anthony Brazel, John Day and Edward Keller, this text is divided into six sections: Environmental Science, Environments, Paradigms & Concepts, Processes & Dynamics, Scales & Techniques, and Environmental Issues.
Risk assessment is an evaluation of risk of that hazard before action is pursued to address it. Risk assessment, for example, has been at the root of studying cancer risks associated with pesticides and some toxic chemicals. Most assessment has been created to study risks to human health. There are several stages in the process of Risk Assessment – assessment of the hazard, study of the exposure of humans to various levels of a hazard, and a risk characterization and probability of fatal levels of the hazard. Often, animal tests are used to determine the dose-response and exposure assessment of a hazard that involves pollutants and chemicals. The study of epidemiology is the analysis of how a sickness, for example, multiplies through ...