This unique addition to reference literature provides an introduction to the major concepts and contemporary issues that are essential for students of environmental science and environmental studies to know. With over 200 entries authored by world-class names like Anthony Brazel, John Day and Edward Keller, this text is divided into six sections: Environmental Science, Environments, Paradigms & Concepts, Processes & Dynamics, Scales & Techniques, and Environmental Issues.  

Integrated Coastal and Marine Management

Integrated coastal and marine management

Coastal zone management represents different things to different people. To the conservation minded, the concept represents either a panacea for every excess of the private sector or governmental agencies, or the solution to every unsolved coastal-related problem. A successful programme is based on a comprehensive and integrated planning process, which aims at harmonizing cultural, economic, social, and environmental values and regulations (CEP/UNEP, 1995). Management without an appropriate planning process tends to be neither integrated nor comprehensive, but rather a sectorial activity. A consensus emerged after UNCED (1992) to work towards Integrated Coastal Area Management (ICAM). The new acronym ICAM and the old Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) are used interchangeably in the literature.

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