This unique addition to reference literature provides an introduction to the major concepts and contemporary issues that are essential for students of environmental science and environmental studies to know. With over 200 entries authored by world-class names like Anthony Brazel, John Day and Edward Keller, this text is divided into six sections: Environmental Science, Environments, Paradigms & Concepts, Processes & Dynamics, Scales & Techniques, and Environmental Issues.  

Global Conventions and Treaties

Global conventions and treaties

A number of global conventions and treaties have taken place over the last several decades (Table 52). A recent example is the Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, which is an amendment to the international treaty on climate change. The protocol assigns mandatory targets for the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions to nations which have signed on. The Kyoto Protocol is an agreement made under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. Countries that ratify this protocol commit to reducing their emissions of carbon dioxide and five other greenhouse gases, or engaging in emissions trading if they maintain or increase emissions of these gases. The Kyoto Protocol now covers more than 160 countries ...

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