This unique addition to reference literature provides an introduction to the major concepts and contemporary issues that are essential for students of environmental science and environmental studies to know. With over 200 entries authored by world-class names like Anthony Brazel, John Day and Edward Keller, this text is divided into six sections: Environmental Science, Environments, Paradigms & Concepts, Processes & Dynamics, Scales & Techniques, and Environmental Issues.
Global change is the term used to generally define multiple environmental and ecological changes taking place or projected to take place at a global level (with regional implications). Global change includes the study of climate change, species extinction, land-use change, as well as other areas. A major issue is to reduce human impact on the globe, particularly since recent studies have shown global warming, for example, is now significantly attributed to human societal activities. Some scientists think that if we applied ‘fundamental scientific, [Page 390]technical, and industrial know-how’ that we already possess, we could solve, for example, the carbon and climate problem and possibly avoid catastrophic climate change and its global change consequences (e.g., Pacala and Socolow, 2004). Table 51 list those ideas ...