This unique addition to reference literature provides an introduction to the major concepts and contemporary issues that are essential for students of environmental science and environmental studies to know. With over 200 entries authored by world-class names like Anthony Brazel, John Day and Edward Keller, this text is divided into six sections: Environmental Science, Environments, Paradigms & Concepts, Processes & Dynamics, Scales & Techniques, and Environmental Issues.  



Glaciology is the interdisciplinary scientific study of the distribution and behaviour of snow and ice on the earth's surface, involving contributions from physics, geology, physical geography, meteorology, hydrology and biology. It is concerned with the structure and properties of glacier ice, its formation and distribution, the dynamics of flow, and the interactions with climate. Three major types of glacier are:

  • Ice sheets or ice caps (generally less than 50,000 km2 in area) – broad domes which submerge the underlying topography with ice radiating outwards as a sheet. The Antarctic and Greenland are examples of ice sheets with ice caps in Canada, Iceland and Norway.
  • Ice shelves – floating ice sheets or ice caps which has no friction with the bed and the ice can ...
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