This unique addition to reference literature provides an introduction to the major concepts and contemporary issues that are essential for students of environmental science and environmental studies to know. With over 200 entries authored by world-class names like Anthony Brazel, John Day and Edward Keller, this text is divided into six sections: Environmental Science, Environments, Paradigms & Concepts, Processes & Dynamics, Scales & Techniques, and Environmental Issues.
Anthropology emerged as a social science in the 19th century as an attempt to develop scientific methods to address social phenomena and provide a universal basis for social knowledge. Using the methods of the natural sciences and developing new techniques involving not only structured interviews, but unstructured participant observation, and drawing on the new theory of evolution through natural selection, the branches of anthropology proposed the scientific study of a new object: humankind, conceived as a whole. Crucial to this study is the concept of culture, which anthropologists saw as containing adaptations to local conditions, which takes the form of beliefs and practices about their natural environments, among many other elements. Thus, anthropology eliminates the divisions between the natural sciences, social sciences, and humanities ...