This unique addition to reference literature provides an introduction to the major concepts and contemporary issues that are essential for students of environmental science and environmental studies to know. With over 200 entries authored by world-class names like Anthony Brazel, John Day and Edward Keller, this text is divided into six sections: Environmental Science, Environments, Paradigms & Concepts, Processes & Dynamics, Scales & Techniques, and Environmental Issues.  

Environmental Values

Environmental values

The very concept of value stems from human cultures. There is no totally objective measure of it and so in matters of the environment there is always a tension between those who think that they may be absolute values and those who think that value is necessarily relative to culture. Values teach about the difference between right and wrong and are often derived from experience and history rather than a more disinterested examination of the evidence. In western societies the tendency to adopt binary classifications like ‘right’ and ‘wrong’ (also as in ‘economic’ and ‘uneconomic’ as a result of cost-benefit analysis) make well make for unwise decisions in a world with many more intermediate shades. Values lead to all kinds of other ...

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